What are HUD homes and how do you buy one? (2023)

A HUD home is a foreclosed property owned by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development that is up for sale. Next, we'll take a closer look at what HUD houses are and how to find and buy them. We will also look at the pros and cons of these properties and compare them to alternative foreclosures.

the central theses

  • HUD homes are foreclosed properties owned and resold by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
  • HUD is initially offering these homes to buyers who plan to live in them for at least a year.
  • A HUD house can be a great way to buy an affordable home that needs some work.

What is HUD case?

If someone buys a home on a HUD-insured loan and doesn't pay it back, HUD will eventually evict the owner and put the home on the market to recoup some of their losses.

HUD homes are sold "as is" with no guarantee that the home is free from defects and is often considered a "top repair". A HUD house is not repaired until you move in.

But since the estimated home value includes room for improvement, first-time home buyers and those on low-to-middle incomes can find more affordable HUD homes. As long as you have the initial funds or qualify for a mortgage, you can buy a HUD home.


While investors can purchase HUD properties, they will initially be offered to buyers who intend to live in them as their primary residence.

How to search for HUD houses

Find HUD homes on the official HUD website, HUDHomestore.com. The site allows you to filter by state, county, and zip code. You can also search for HUD homes within a specific price range or with a specific number of bedrooms and bathrooms.

HUDHomestore.gov shows successful listings over the last 14 days so you can get an idea of ​​how much homes are selling for. HUD.gov also has links to helpful resources such as B. Articles on buying a HUD home, HUD terms and acronyms, and HUD-approved lenders. In addition, the special programs of HUD are discussed.


You need a HUD registered real estate agent to make an offer on a HUD property and you can find one in the Find a HUD Registered Broker tool on the website.

How to buy a HUD house

If you're interested in a HUD house, here's what you need to know.

Who qualifies for the HUD enclosure?

HUD gives priority to owner-occupier buyers. To get an owner-occupier HUD home, you must commit to living in it for at least 12 months and not having bought another home in the last 24 months.You must work with a HUD-licensed real estate agent, arrange financing in advance, and pay a minimum 3.5% deposit when you afha loan.

The process of buying a HUD house

In order to buy a HUD home, you must go through a bidding process with a HUD Approved and Licensed real estate agent who can guide you through the process of a successful bid. There is an initial 30-day period in which bids are accepted from property owners, nonprofits, and government agencies.

You contribute with your offerserious money, which acts as a repository. This amount is generally between $500 and $2,000 for a HUD home.

After this period, HUD will review all bids and select the bid with the highest bid. If HUD believes that no offer is high enough, the bidding process will be extended and offered to other buyers, such as investors. Your agent will receive a notification when your offer is accepted.

If your offer is rejected, you will get your deposit back. If accepted, any deposit will be credited against the deposit orclosing costs. However, please note that it can be very difficult to get your deposit back if your offer is accepted. As a owner-occupier buyer, you will need to provide documentation about certain circumstances, such as: B. the death, loss of job or illness of a principal borrower.


It's important that you get an inspection done before closing a HUD house so you know what kind of repairs you might need to make.

HUD home financing

As with any other home purchase, you can use cash or your financing of choice to achieve your dream of owning a HUD home. You can opt for a classic mortgage, which allows you to make a down payment of just 3.5%. Or you can choose a government-backed home loan, such as B. an FHA loan, aUSDA loan, o einsVA loan.


andFHA 203(k) Loanscan allow you to fund the price of the HUD home and the cost of certain repairs or renovations. It's worth considering if you don't have the cash up front to upgrade the property.

HUD offers support and special programs to buyers interested in their properties.

IsGood Neighbor Next Door-Programmsupports qualified teachers, police officers, firefighters and emergency medical technicians (EMTs). It offers a 50% discount on the purchase price of apartments in revitalization areas.

HUD's $100 down payment program is available for very specific homes and loans such as: B. Those valued at $100,000 or less in certain areas acquired with FHA loans.

Pros and cons of buying a HUD house


  • lowest cost

  • Priority buyers from owner-occupiers

  • Closing costs can be covered

In contrast

  • House sold "as is"

  • Selling Restrictions

  • Limited housing supply

benefits explained

  • lowest cost: HUD homes are competitively priced, making them more affordable than traditional homes you can find on the market.
  • Priority buyers from owner-occupiers: Since HUD opens its homes to owner-occupied buyers first, you may not have to compete with investors looking for cheap properties for sale.
  • Closing costs can be covered: HUD may cover closing costs, including application fees, transfer taxes, and more.

Disadvantages explained

  • Houses sold "as is": HUD homes are sold as is and may require extensive repairs and renovations.
  • Selling Restrictions: When you buy a HUD house, you must commit to living in it for at least a year, and you can't buy another one for at least two years.
  • Limited housing supply: Not many HUD houses are available; For example, some states only have one HUD house on the market at any given time. Other states have no houses. This can create a competitive bidding situation when you are up against investors.

Alternatives to the HUD case

HUD homes are very similar to other as-is or foreclosure homes, but since HUD favors buyers who plan to live in the home, you may find it easier to purchase a foreclosure property and save money on foreclosure properties. Additionally, HUD homes are being marketed by HUD while lenders own traditional foreclosures.

However, depending on your location, you may find many more foreclosures available than HUD homes.

Should you buy a HUD house?

If you are looking for an affordable home that is priced at or below market value, a HUD property should be on your radar. This is especially true if you don't mind jazzing it up and making it your own. HUD enclosures can also be a solid option if you're a first-time homeowner or qualify for a special program. With a HUD property, you can acquire a great piece of land and own a home without meeting strict qualification requirements or making a large initial investment.

However, you may need to be less careful about location or be prepared to relocate. You may not be able to find a HUD home near your current location. You may also need to live in the house while repairs are made. She may not be ready to move.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How do investors buy HUD homes?

HUD homes are offered to owner-occupier buyers for the first 30 days. They are then offered to the wider market, which includesreal estate investors. This prevents investors from raising the price in a bidding war.

How do you buy HUD homes when you have bad credit?

It is possible to buy a HUD house even with bad credit. You may be able to do this through a government-backed mortgage program with lenient credit requirements, such as: B. an FHA loan or a VA loan. FHA loans accept credit scores as low as 580 for maximum financing and a credit score of 500 for a buyer with avalue loan90%

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