Passport Photo Technical Specifications (2023)

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Together with the application for the issuance of the passport you must submit 1 (one) current photograph. The photos of the requested passports must have special technical specifications.

Along with the passport application you must submit 1 (one) current photograph. The requested passport photo must have the following technical specifications:

A) Dimensions and paper quality

  • It must be recent.
  • Photo dimensions must be 40mm x 60mm without frame.
  • They must be produced or printed on high quality white photo paper, not watercolor or embossed.
  • It must be of high resolution and not have dots (pixel - raster) nor produced on inkjet or laser printers.
  • The person should appear like the form below so that:
  1. DD face length (from jaw to top of head) should be 31mm to 35mm.
  2. The width of the face CC (from ear to ear at the point of connection with the face) should be 20 mm to 25 mm.
  3. The BB distance from the bottom of the photo to the eyes (the imaginary line that runs between the eyes) should be 30mm to 39mm.
  4. OBSERVATION: Accordingly, none of the upper readings should exceed the lower or higher value. Distortion of the face is also not allowed.
  • It should be taken on a white or cream background or with 5% gray so that the facial features are clear against the background used.
  • For people with mobility or other health problems, every effort should be made to make the photo as good as possible.

Passport Photo Technical Specifications (1)

B) Correct way to take photos

  • Photos must be sharp, clear and reproduce the natural colors of the face, without color saturation.
  • Printed photos, taken from a digital camera, must be at least 1200 dpi resolution or higher.
  • The paper used must not show gray spots (Newton's Circles) when pressed, while being tested on a transparent glass surface.


  • The whole face should be clean, from the jaw to the forehead and from ear to ear.
  • Shadows should not appear on the background and face or shimmer from reflected light on the face.
  • Other than the person being photographed, no other people or objects such as dolls, toys, etc. are allowed to enter.
  • The person must appear looking directly into the camera lens.
  • The person should appear with a neutral expression and closed mouth.
  • The person should appear with their eyes open (not too open) so they can see clearly. Sunglasses and myopia glasses with colored lenses (Photo Grey, Photo Brown, etc.) are prohibited. Hair should never cover the eyes, eyebrows or any part of the person's face.
  • The person should be seen reflected in the glasses, if wearing them, and the frame of the glasses should not cover the eyes or other facial features. To avoid this type of problem, it is recommended not to wear glasses when possible.
  • The person must appear without a head covering.

For religious reasons, a person may wear a head covering (eg headscarf, etc.), but facial features, from jaw to forehead and from ear to ear, must be visible.

(Video) Passport Photo Guidelines: Can you smile?

In addition, for health problems, facial features are allowed to be covered (medical certificate must be provided).

Children under 12 and infants.For children under 12 and babies, photo dimensions may be reasonably smaller than adults and should be accepted.

Examples of suitable photos referring to pose, expression, background, etc.not for facial dimensions:

The frontal type of photo must be used for the passport photo. Head rotation must be less than +/- 5 degrees from center in all directions (up and down, left or right). Shoulders should be "straight". "Portrait style" photos where the person is looking over their shoulder are not accepted.

The expression should be neutral (no smile), with both eyes normally open (not wide open) and the mouth closed. Every effort must be made to ensure that photographs delivered are in accordance with current specifications. Smiling with the mouth closed is not recommended. The subject should be completely alone (with no backs from chairs, toys or other visible faces), looking into the lens with a neutral expression and mouth closed.

Examples of unsupported expressions

  1. Eyes closed
  2. Eyes covered by hair
  3. The eyes are partially covered by a frame of glasses

Examples of deprecated expressions

  1. The smile and teeth or the inside of the mouth are visible
  2. eyebrows go up
  3. Eyes that don't look directly at the camera
  4. strabismus
  5. frown

The boundary between the head and the background must be completely distinct throughout the object (volume of hair is acceptable). There should be no shadows in the background of the face.

There should be no dark shades in the eyes due to the eyebrows. The iris and pupil should be clearly visible.

background equality
The background should be smooth, without straight lines or curves. Therefore, it should be uniform or homogeneous in color, with smooth variations in lightness in only one direction.

(Video) Passport Photos Specifications

Object and backlight
The lighting will spread evenly on all sides of the face. No significant direction of light should be visible from the photographer's point of view.

hot spots
Great care must be taken to avoid 'hot spots' (areas of bright light that make the face glow). This phenomenon is usually caused by using a very bright intensity and concentration. Instead, it is necessary to use diffuse light, multiple equal sources or other lighting methods.

If the person usually wears glasses, then they should wear them when photographed. Glasses should be clear and transparent so that the iris and pupil are clearly visible. If the glasses automatically darken for the light, the person should be photographed in such a way that the glasses do not change color. Only in extreme cases, where the color change cannot be reduced, should the glasses be removed.
Dark glasses or sunglasses are only acceptable for medical reasons. Otherwise, they must be removed.
You must be careful that the frames of the glasses do not cover the eyes.
There should be no light reflection on the glasses. This can usually be achieved by varying the angle between the light source, subject and camera by 45° (degrees) or more.

The use of eye patches is only permitted for medical reasons.

No over or under exposure
For every detail of the face, the color gradations must be distinct. Therefore, there should be no saturation (overexposed or underexposed) in the face.

Focus and depth of field
The image must be perfectly focused from the nose to the ears and from the jaw to the hair. This can result in background blur, but it's not a problem. During a typical photo, to get the best quality of the face, the f-stop of the camera lens should be set to two (or more) f-stops below the largest aperture stop in order to achieve sufficient depth of field .
All photos will have sufficient depth of focus to maintain better than 2mm resolution on the person photographed. An image resolution of better than 1 mm can be achieved if the millimeter marks are visible in a photo essay, placed on the nose and ears or on the face of the person looking at the camera.
If the camera does not have autofocus, the person must always be in the best position.

unnatural color
Unnatural colored light, yellow, red, etc. not allowed. Attention should be paid to correcting the white light balance of the camera. The light will give the face in the photo a natural skin tone. Red-eye is not allowed. Color photographs should rely on color balanced light techniques such as high color temperature flash.

Color or grayscale gradient
Processes aimed at over- or under-exposure of a color or shade of gray for aesthetic reasons are not permitted. The whole picture is required. Teeth and whites of eyes will be light or white (where required) and dark hair or features (where required) will be dark.

Radial distortion of camera lenses
The fisheye effect associated with extremely large noses is not allowed. There is almost always some kind of distortion in portrait photography, but that distortion should go unnoticed when viewed by humans.
Radial distortion due to the lens is a phenomenon that must be limited. For a typical photographic system with the subject 1.5m to 2.5m from the camera, the focal length of the lens should be the same as that of a standard telephoto lens. For example, a 35mm photograph requires a focal length of 90mm to 130mm for a lens. Practically, in the various optical sensors, the recommended focal length is 2 to 3 times the diagonal of each sensor.

image in the center
The approximate midpoints of the mouth and nose lie on an imaginary vertical line AA, which is placed in the horizontal center of the image.

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You can download the full text in Greek with the technical specifications of the passport photo:


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Why is my passport photo not good enough? ›

It is also important that the digital photo is in focus, not blurry and a clear contrast to the background. The passport office does not accept photos where the individual has “red eye” as your true eye color should be visible.

What is the specification of passport size photo? ›

The photograph should be in colour and of the size of 2 inch x 2 inch 51 mm x 51 mm . The photo‐print should be clear and with a continuous‐tone quality. It should have full face, front view, eyes open. Photo should present full head from top of hair to bottom of chin.

What is acceptable vs unacceptable for passport photos? ›

Your passport photo must be a full-color photograph. Black and white, dull, washed out, or overexposed images are unacceptable. As such, it is crucial to verify that the image of you in your passport photo looks like you do in natural light.

How do you pass a passport photo? ›

In your photo, you must:
  1. be facing forwards and looking straight at the camera.
  2. have a plain expression and your mouth closed.
  3. have your eyes open and visible.
  4. not have hair in front of your eyes.
  5. not have a head covering (unless it's for religious or medical reasons)
  6. not have anything covering your face.

How do I know if my passport photo is correct? ›

Photo Requirements for U.S. Passports & Visa
  1. The photographs must not be older than six months.
  2. The photographs must measure 2×2″ (5×5 cm)
  3. The photographs of the applicant's head must be between 1″ to 1 3/8″ (2.5 to 3.5 cm) when measured vertically.
  4. The photographs must have a white background.

What if my passport photo doesn t look like me? ›

You will have to get a new passport before your current one has expired if you have altered your appearance so much that your picture no longer resembles you.

How strict are passport photo size rules? ›

The correct size of a passport photo is: 2 x 2 inches (51 x 51 mm) Head must be between 1 -1 3/8 inches (25 - 35 mm) from the bottom of the chin to the top of the head.

What size is a 2x2 photo? ›

What is a 2 x 2 photo? A 2 x 2 photo is a standard-sized photograph, used for identification purposes on US passports or visa applications. It measures 2 inches by 2 inches (or 51 x 51 millimeters) and must follow all the requirements set out by the US Department of State.

What color shirt can you not wear for passport photo? ›

Generally, the backdrop for passport photos will be either white or light gray, so choose a darker colored top to contrast the background of your photo. A white blouse with a white background will most likely get rejected, so your best bet is to stay away from light colors.

Why should you not smile in passport photos? ›

The government doesn't want you to smile in your photo for one simple reason: facial recognition. A smile in a passport photo distorts your facial features and makes it almost impossible to match you to the document, especially when done by a computer.

Can hair be up in passport photo? ›

You may keep your hair in a bun, a ponytail, or up in your passport photo. You need to keep in mind that your whole hairstyle has to be visible in the picture, though. Make sure that you look composed.

Can I wear earrings in passport photo? ›

In general, earrings will be allowed in your passport photo. However, larger earrings, particularly ones that dangle, may obstruct your face, create reflections or cause shadowing. Therefore, it would probably be a good idea to choose a smaller set, or even just use studs, that won't create any of these problems.

What is the best shirt for a passport photo? ›

Choose dark clothes that clearly have contrast with background. The best option would be a black t-shirt. Remember, that your chin must be visible. No hats or scarfs covering your head (except for religious reasons)

What rejects a passport photo? ›

We need you to upload a new photo because the size and positioning of your head is not acceptable for a passport. If the person taking your photo is standing too close or too far away, your head may take up too much or too little of the photo.

What are common passport mistakes? ›

We've compiled the mistakes we see most often and put together six of our best tips to avoid some common passport errors.
  • Not Checking If You Need A Passport First. ...
  • Applying Too Close To Your Departure Date. ...
  • Missing Proper Documents for the Application. ...
  • Not Filling Out the Form Correctly. ...
  • Not Double Checking Everything.

Can you retake your passport picture if you don't like it? ›

You cannot change just the photo in your passport. The only way to change it is to apply for a renewal. You can do this at any time but will lose the remaining validity in your current passport. Passports issued to adults are valid for 10 years.

Can you smile with teeth in passport photo? ›

Why can't you show teeth in your passport photo? The State Department classifies a smile showing too many teeth as an unusual or unnatural expression that distorts the subject's facial features. You cannot fully show your teeth in passport photos (even in the U.S.).

Does your shirt matter in passport photo? ›

Everyday clothing such as collard shirts and plain t-shirts are appropriate for passport photos. Avoid wearing tank tops, and no white. – Uniforms cannot be worn in passport photos. – Hats are only permitted if they are worn for religious reasons.

What if my passport photo is too big? ›

Your passport photo must measure 2 x 2 inches (51 x 51mm) in size. Any photos submitted that are too big or too small will not be accepted and will delay your passport application process. The distance between you and the camera is an important factor for your passport picture. A selfie simply won't cut it.

How do I take a 2x2 passport photo on my phone? ›

The best option for taking a passport photo with your Android device is to use a dedicated software, such as PhotoAiD®. Just snap a picture and upload it to the website/app to have AI-assisted software edit the picture and make sure it fulfills all the official requirements.

How can I convert my photo to passport size for free? ›

Step-by-Step Guide
  1. Select the country, the photo type and the print size, and then upload a photo.
  2. Once the photo is uploaded, the Crop page opens.
  3. On the Crop page, you can cut the image using the crop frame.
  4. When you have set the cropping, click on the Make Photo button.

How do you crop a photo to 2x2 on iPhone? ›

Resizing Photos on iPhone with the Photos App
  1. Open the Photos app on your iPhone.
  2. Find the photo you want to resize and tap on it.
  3. Tap the Edit button in the top right corner.
  4. Tap the Crop and Rotate button in the bottom left corner.
  5. Use the slider at the bottom to adjust the size of the photo.
Feb 2, 2023

Why can't you wear a white shirt for a passport photo? ›

Your passport photo must have a plain white background, so if you wear a white shirt, it may blend into the background and leave you looking like a floating head.

Can I wear a green shirt for passport photo? ›

Officially, no rules about the colors you wear for your passport photo exist. The U.S. government will not reject a passport application because of your color of clothing in the photo.

Can I wear a sleeveless dress for passport photo? ›

There is also no requirement to wear a suit or special formal clothing when taking a photo for an American passport. However, you should avoid plunging necklines and sleeveless shirts because the frame makes the person in the photo look as if they were naked.

Can you wear lipstick in passport photo? ›

As stated before, there are no rules that refer directly to makeup in a passport photo, so, there are no specifically banned lipstick colors.

Can I wear a collared shirt in a passport photo? ›

Can I wear a collared shirt in a passport photo? Yes, there is no rule against collared shirts.

What country can you not smile for your passport? ›

Can you smile in a passport photo? Yes, you are able to smile for a passport photo in certain countries, although almost all all countries in the world require you to keep a neutral expression when submitting a picture. The only country with an exception is the United States.

Can eyebrows be covered in passport photo? ›

It is okay for it to cover your forehead, but it should finish above the brow, allowing authorities to see your eyebrows, cheeks, nose and chin.

How should I dress for a passport photo? ›

Passport photos are not the place to make fashion statements. The State Department wants your photo to be "taken in clothing normally worn on a daily basis." However, no uniforms, or clothing that looks like a uniform, or camouflage clothing is allowed. You also can't wear a hat or head covering in your photo.

What if my passport photo has a beard? ›

Growing a beard or coloring your hair would not constitute a significant change. If you can still be identified from the photo in your current passport, you do not need to apply for a new passport. You may have to apply for a new passport if you have: Undergone significant facial surgery or trauma.

Can I wear a choker in my passport photo? ›

You can wear jewelry in your passport photo, so long as it doesn't obscure your face.

Why do you have to show your ears in a passport photo? ›

The bottom line is this: your ears do not need to be visible in a U.S. passport book in 2023, as there is no regulation dictating they're a key feature and thus need showing. Under no circumstances are you required to make your ears visible and no applicant is expected to tuck their hair behind their ears.

What is passport makeup? ›

The 'passport makeup' trend boasts the big fluffy brow brushed upwards, which is also known as the laminated brow effect. To achieve this brow look, grab a clear brow gel, and brush it through your brows, starting from the inner corner of the brow and flicking upward.

What happens if your passport picture is blurry? ›

A blurred photo means the identification function will fail. You should get a new passport. If you are in your country then its the same institution that issued you the original document.

How can I increase the clarity of my passport size photo? ›

When taking photo, you should face the light, such as a nice bright window or the door. This can provide even lighting to avoid shadows on the face and background. The face must be evenly lit. There should be no shadows and glares on the face.

Why is my photo low quality? ›

A photo may be flagged as low-resolution when downloaded from a website, taken on a phone or camera with the photo size set too small, or it's a proof photo from a professional photographer.


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